Karl Marx in a Nutshell


1818   Karl Marx is born in Trier on 5 May as the third of nine children born to the lawyer Heinrich Marx and his wife Henrietta.

1830-1835   Marx attends the Friedrich Wilhelm Grammar School in Trier until 1835.

1835-1841   Studies law in Bonn and Berlin. Additionally, studies philosophy and is conferred a doctorate in philosophy at the University of Jena in 1841.

1842-1843   Editor of the liberal “Rheinische Zeitung für Politik, Handel und Gewerbe” (Rhenish Newspaper for Politics, Trade and Industry) in Cologne.

1843-1845   Marx and his family live in Paris. 1844 marks the beginning of his close cooperation and friendship with Friedrich Engels (1820-1895).

1845-1848   Marx is expelled from France and goes into exile in Brussels. He gives up his Prussian citizenship and is henceforth stateless. Marx and Engels write “The Manifesto of the Communist Party” for the Communist League in 1847, which is published in London in February 1848.

1848 / 49   After his expulsion from Belgium, Marx returns to Cologne where he publishes the “Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Organ der Demokratie (New Rhenish Newspaper. Organ of Democracy). He is expelled from Prussia in 1849.

1849 –1883  Exile in London. He is a private scholar and works as a journalist for various international newspapers and publisher of the “Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Politisch-ökonomische Revue“ (New Rhenish Newspaper: Politico-Economic Review) and other publications.

1864   Marx is involved in the establishment of the International Workingmen's Association (First International) in London.

1867   Marx publishes the first volume of his most important work “Capital: Critique of Political Economy”.

1883   Marx dies in London on 14 March at the age of 64 years.

Exhibition Sites

Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe
Rheinisches Landesmuseum

Weimarer Allee 1, 54290 Trier
Tel. 0651/9774-0

Stadtmuseum Simeonstift

Simeonstraße 60, 54290 Trier
Tel. 0651/718-1459



Life. Works. Time.
Stations of a Life

Visitor Information

Opening Times
Exhibition Sites
How to get there




Rheinisches Landesmuseum Trier
Weimarer Allee 1 | 54290 Trier
Tel. 0651/9774-0

Stadtmuseum Simeonstift Trier
Simeonstraße 60 | 54290 Trier
Tel. 0651/718-1459